Social centers[ edit ] Western anarchists have long created enclaves in which they could live their societal principles of non-authoritarianism, mutual aid, gifting, and conviviality in microcosm. They share a lineage with the radical intentional communities that have periodically surfaced throughout history  and are sometimes termed Temporary Autonomous Zones  or "free spaces", in which a counter-hegemonic resistance can form arguments and tactics. These nonhierarchical rules encourage experimental approaches to organization, power-sharing, social interaction, personal development, and finance.
Classes are major social groupings where the members of a group share similar levels of economic resources, property, status and prestige. Usually this extends over several generations. Most societies have hierarchies of such groupings, and New Zealand is no exception.
Myth of classlessness For over a century, from the midth century until the later 20th century, many commentators suggested that New Zealand was a classless society. Immigrants from Great Britain frequently praised the lack of inherited classes and the relatively high standard of living.
Some people are richer than others, but wealth carries no great prestige and no prerogative of leadership. There was a widespread belief that equality was a key New Zealand value, implying both equality of opportunity and some relative equality of condition. The classic definition of class was by Karl Marx, who observed the development of industrial—capitalist society in 19th-century Britain.
He based his classes on their relationship with the means of production, such as factories.
Those who owned the means of production were the bourgeoisie; those who had only their labour to sell were the proletariat or working class. However, this analysis is not very useful in understanding New Zealand classes. For a long time New Zealand had little industry or specialisation, and rural social hierarchies were different from the urban ones that Marx studied.
Since Marx, others have offered definitions of class. Most take a pluralist view that class position includes, in addition to occupational role: Objective and subjective views of class Marx drew a distinction between: Colonial situation In New Zealand class consciousness was confused.
Many immigrants brought European understandings of class to the new world and there was sometimes a clash between colonial realities and old-world cultural values. Some rich settlers had expectations based on British aristocratic culture; some poor immigrants brought working-class beliefs from the industrial areas of Britain which sometimes did not fit in New Zealand.
Ethnicity and gender In New Zealand, class distinctions are only one aspect of social hierarchies. Many studies of class assume that the social position of a family follows from that of the male worker. The role of both women and men needs to be considered.
Class identity often belongs to families, not individuals.New Zealand has long prided itself on being a classless society.
That's less than the truth, the great majority correspond to the British middle class - but few could not afford circumcision. However, it was a highly conformist society, and a doctors' word was all but law. New Zealand's claims to be a classless society were seriously undermined in the s and s by the economic reforms of the fourth Labour government and its successor, the fourth National government.
Child Poverty in New Zealand Words | 5 Pages.
Child poverty is a major and complex issue that New Zealand faces today. The degree is far more severe than the public's perception and it is a problem that we cannot afford to ignore.
This is a list of political topics, including political science terms, political philosophies, political issues, etc. Politics is the process by which groups of people make decisions.
Although the term is generally applied to behavior within civil governments, politics is observed in all human group interactions, including corporate, academic, and religious institutions.
The Socialist Party of Aotearoa is a minor political party in New regardbouddhiste.com was formed in through a split in the Socialist Unity Party, led by G. H. Andersen. The current leader of the party is Brendan Tuohy.
The party publishes a monthly newspaper called Red Flag. It operates the Workers' Institute of Scientific Socialist Education (WISSE)..
The party Headquarters: Lyttelton, Canterbury. In determining that New Zealand is not a classless society, the historical definition of class will be examined and then developments in New Zealand’s society explored to ascertain the place class occupies in contemporary New Zealand society.