Grammatical number and noun

For example, in Bengali the split is between pronouns and nouns: Similarly, Quechua a language of Peru and Korean mark number only in the pronoun system Cruse In Bininj Gun-Wok a large group of related dialects spoken in Western Arnhem Land, Australiapronominal affixes on the verb mark number for humans but not normally for nonhumans Evans

Grammatical number and noun

Mortlockese[ edit ] The Mortlockese language of the Mortlock Islands uses a base 10 counting system. Pronouns, nouns and demonstratives are used exclusively in the singular and plural forms through the use of classifiers, suffixes and prefixes. Plural In most languages with grammatical number, nouns, and sometimes other parts of speech, have two forms, the singular, for one instance of a concept, and the plural, for more than one instance.

Usually, the singular is the unmarked form of a word, and the plural is obtained by inflecting the singular. This is the case in English: There may be exceptional nouns whose plural is identical to the singular: Singulative versus collective[ edit ] Main article: Singulative number Some languages differentiate between an unmarked form, the collective, which is indifferent in respect to number, and a marked form for single entities, called the singulative in this context.

For example, in Welsh, moch "pigs" is a basic form, whereas a suffix is added to form mochyn "pig". It is the collective form which is more basic, and it is used as an adjectival modifier, e. The collective form is therefore similar in many respects to an English mass noun like "rice", which in fact refers to a collection of items which are logically countable.

However, English has no productive process of forming singulative nouns just phrases such as "a grain of rice". Therefore, English cannot be said to have a singulative number.

In other languages, singulatives can be regularly formed from collective nouns ; e. These singulatives can be pluralised like most other nouns: Dual grammatical number The distinction between a "singular" number one and a "plural" number more than one found in English is not the only possible classification.

Grammatical number and noun

Another one is "singular" one"dual" two and "plural" more than two. Many Semitic languages also have dual number. For instance, in Arabic all nouns can have singular, plural, or dual forms. Pronouns in Polynesian languages such as Tahitian exhibit the singular, dual, and plural numbers.

Several Austronesian languages such as TolomakoLihirand Manam ; the Kiwaian languages ; and the Austronesian -influenced creole languages Bislama and Tok Pisin have the trial number in their pronouns. No language has been documented to have trial number in its nouns.To "decline" a noun means to analyze it and break it down into its basic parts according to number, gender, and case - see below.

('Declension' is a subset of the broader term ' inflection ', in that it only refers to nouns and pronouns, not to verbs. The term "grammatical category" refers to specific properties of a word that can cause that word and/or a related word to change in form for grammatical reasons (ensuring agreement between words).

For example, the word "boy" is a noun. In order for a language to be considered to have a value of grammatical number, it has to be possible for that value to be recognised, either on nominal elements or through agreement, in the absence of a numeral or other quantifier.

(definite noun phrases are likely to have the head noun marked for number) and on the animacy hierarchy.

Grammatical number and noun

To "decline" a noun means to analyze it and break it down into its basic parts according to number, gender, and case - see below. ('Declension' is a subset of the broader term ' inflection ', in that it only refers to nouns and pronouns, not to verbs. Oct 01,  · In linguistics, singulative number and collective number (abbreviated SGV and COL) are terms used when the grammatical number for multiple items is the unmarked form of a noun, and the noun is specially marked to indicate a single item.

Tour Start here for a quick overview of the site Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have Meta Discuss the workings and policies of this site.

Singular and Plural Refers to the Grammatical Number Property of Nouns