Hire Writer Tobacco smoking in Britain has been on the decline in the past 50 years. It is believed that in the period beginning the country experienced the highest decline in smoking. Based on the above statistics it is evident that the period experienced a slower decline in tobacco smoking as compared to the later period. The fact that this period was the first to experience such huge decline implies there must have been a general change in public attitude towards the habit.
Owen and Laurel-Seller discuss how heavier bodies, and larger framed bodies are not only viewed as unattractive and sexually unappealing, the owners of those bodies are often defined as lazy, lacking self-control, and lacking virtue and Griffin and Langlois found that attractiveness was perceived as being related to helpfulness, intelligence, and friendliness.
What is interesting however, is how much the idealized body, presented in the media, relies on untruths. The pain of the modern woman is self-denial in order to achieve a thinness that is unhealthy.
She notes that movement out into the public space has resulted in more restrictive cultural norms that increasingly restrict their bodies. After the second world war, women returned to the home in significant numbers resulting in a definition of beauty that permitted larger bodies with soft curves and full figures as was evident in the s, however as females began to make the move back into the public sphere, bodies began to shrink again, in a manner that was similar to the ultra-slender form of the post-suffrage movement, the boyishly thin flapper of the s.
Of course, feminist discourse, such as that described by Hess-Biber would argue that the damage is not unintentional at all. Magazines, television, film, the internet, social media, and advertising campaigns are all, in fact, complicit in perpetuating an ideal of extreme thinness as a primary component of feminine beauty.
Furthermore, as women have taken up a good deal more of the public sphere, the restrictions upon their bodies have become even more stringent.
Magazines Guillen and Barr statistically analyzed nutrition and fitness articles and body shape representations in issues of Seventeen that were published between and In their literature review they discuss studies that show magazines are a significant source of nutrition information, for adolescents and young adults.
Advertising Guillen and Barr found that They also noted, however, that Groesz, Levine, and Murnen also mention the conflicting advertising messages that push high caloric foods with low nutritional values along side articles and advertisements for weightloss.
An interesting study conducted by Becker et al in was related by Derenne and Beresin showed how the introduction of television to Fiji in drastically changed the body ideal of ethic Fijians. Prior to the introduction of television this culture favoured a rotund body type, eschewed dieting, and reported only one case of anorexia nervosa.
They found more than studies that examined how the thin-ideal represented in media was internalized by women as an expected and normal aspect of beauty. Park found a link between her college-aged subjects desire to be thin and their beauty and fashion magazine reading activity.
Her subjects had internalized the thin-ideal to such an extent that they assumed that everyone, men and women, prefer the thin body represented in the media. They did not see any significant increases in effects on the five outcomes being studied: These vulnerable adolescents felt an increased pressure to be thin and reported more body dissatisfaction as a result of increased exposure to the thin-ideal.
The Role of the Media Researchers over the last thirty years have concluded that media exposure to the thin-ideal contributes to a fixation on body image and internalizing the social expectation to be thin.
High exposure to media images of the thin-ideal is correlated with body dissatisfaction, diminished self-esteem, negative self-worth, depression, shame, insecurities, and eating disorders in female youth Grabe, Ward, and Hyde, ; Groesz, Levine, and Murnen, Lokken, Worthy, and Trautmann found a correlation between women who had internalized the thin-ideal standard for beauty and their preferences for fashion and beauty magazines.
Dove is pleased that their efforts are gaining traction, but they know that there is still much that needs to be accomplished. She was pleased that advertising campaigns in the U. Recommendations Groesz, Levine, and Murnen suggest that advertisers and marketers need to be held accountable for the fall out from promoting unhealthy body ideals and Grave, Ward, and Hyde suggest that the media needs to be encouraged to reduce and eliminate representations of the thin-ideal.
Derenne and Beresin would like to see a government funded advertising campaign conducted that promotes healthy life-styles, although they perhaps naively believe that the lessons and values for healthy eating and exercise must be modelled and learned at home although the study conducted by Wertheim et al does support this somewhat, in that the subjects, in their study, who did not diet or watch their weight exhibited characteristics of self-acceptance that was fostered by their friendship groups and family influences.
They suggest that the constructive influences of peer groups can be utilized to facilitate interventions to mitigate the sociocultural agents that promote unhealthy eating behaviors. They pointed to the successful use of peer facilitators in youth smoking prevention studies, but otherwise did not provide much guidance on how to implement such a measure.
These respondent expressed a hope that popular culture and media take the opportunity and be the primary force for change in defining a new standard for beauty that incorporates characteristics that go beyond the young, waif-thin, tall, leggy models that grace the pages of fashion magazines.
However, the conversation about body image and beauty is taking place in the mainstream and not just within the academic literature.- Government Control of the Female Body Internationally, issues revolving around the female body and reproduction are extremely controversial.
For a woman, her body is a very private matter. At the same time, however, a woman's body and her reproduction rights are the center of attention in many public debates. 3 Introduction Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale is a thought provoking novel about the domination and governing of women by men.
It presents a dystopia where freedom for women is restricted because of the new Christian government’s extreme policies. Censorship and The Female Body This essay was written in response to my insatgram account being removed.
It was first published in Oyster and The Huffington Post. Essay on Government Control of the Female Body - Government Control of the Female Body Internationally, issues revolving around the female body and reproduction are extremely controversial. For a woman, her body is a very private matter.
Government Control of the Female Body Internationally, issues revolving around the female body and reproduction are extremely controversial. For a woman, her body is a very private matter. At the same time, however, a woman's body and her reproduction rights are the center of . In this case the government played the role as a regulatory body to curb a common habit that had become a vice.
To control smoking habit among the people the British government used price increase to keep tobacco prices high.