Galileo became an accomplished lutenist himself and would have learned early from his father a scepticism for established authority,  the value of well-measured or quantified experimentation, an appreciation for a periodic or musical measure of time or rhythm, as well as the results expected from a combination of mathematics and experiment. Michelangelo would also occasionally have to borrow funds from Galileo to support his musical endeavours and excursions. When Galileo Galilei was eight, his family moved to Florencebut he was left with Jacopo Borghini for two years. The Italian male given name "Galileo" and thence the surname "Galilei" derives from the Latin "Galilaeus", meaning "of Galilee ", a biblically significant region in Northern Israel.
It was a fairly significant event at the time, but it would gain greater and greater importance in later centuries.
A very simple story, at least when the broad-brush is applied, But the true story of the Galileo inquisition is considerably more complex and Galileo galilei and the inquisition faceted.
The Galileo Inquisition in a Nutshell. Rather than a simple conflict between science and religion, it was a conflict between Copernican science and Aristotelian science, and the latter had by that time become intertwined and woven into both Western culture and Church tradition, with a small-t.
Small-t tradition is that which is not related to Revelation; large-T Tradition is that which comes to us out of fixed and unchanging Christian Revelation, known as Public Revelation.
Galileo expressed scientific views supporting Copernicus, and also his related biblical views, in a letter to the Grand Duchess of Tuscany. Although it was a private letter never intended for publication, the references to Scripture contained in it were focused upon, and became the basis of his first examination, trial and censure.
This was the first of two trials of the Galileo inquisition. As a result of this censure he promised, under pain of further punishment, to not hold or publish Copernican theory as scientific fact, but only as unproven theory or hypothesis.
As a matter of pure science, at that time, the theory was indeed unproven, by Galileo or by anyone, and was very much up in the air. Not only were the two competing theories under hot debate in scientific circles, but the timing of events was crucial to the importance given the whole matter by the Church.
In the midst of identifying and challenging new and heretical Scripture interpretations, along comes the Galileo inquisition and an apparent Scriptural re-interpretation by a layman, who was also challenging the established science of the day.
Then, inGalileo published a major work in which he violated his agreement to not hold or teach Copernican theory as actual fact. The Galileo inquisition actually it was inquisitions provides some important lessons applicable both to the Church and to science today.
The Science involved in the Galileo inquisition. We need to remember that, at the time of the Galileo inquisition, the whole world was of one mind regarding the nature of the universe, and that was the ancient Ptolemic earth-centered view.
Enclosing the whole sphere of the universe is the larger sphere of Prime Motion, turned by the First Unmoved Mover. Between the inner sphere and the outer sphere were the multiple transparent spheres containing fixed and unchanging stars, planets, moon and sun.
Aristotle was, primarily, a renowned philosopher. Clement and Origen A. They imagined separate literal, moral, and spiritual senses of Bible passages, in the original ideas that would be expanded into the five senses seen in Concordism today.
Augustinian thought intertwined theology, philosophy and culture, a trend that would be expanded upon by Thomas Aquinas A. The difficulty posed by this philosophical trend, at the time of the Galileo inquisition, was that the Church gave equal value to large-T Tradition and to Scripture.
But it was getting more and more difficult to differentiate between large-T tradition and small-t tradition. The Renaissance Period A. The most serious scientific error of the day, probably, was general acceptance of an earth-centered cosmos.
Even the newer and expanding Renaissance thought placed man at the center of the universe.May 31, · In , Galileo was brought before the Roman Inquisition, a judicial system established by the papacy in to regulate church doctrine. The Galileo affair (Italian: il processo a Galileo Galilei) was a sequence of events, beginning around , culminating with the trial and condemnation of Galileo Galilei by the Roman Catholic Inquisition in for his support of heliocentrism.
On this day in , chief inquisitor Father Vincenzo Maculano da Firenzuola, appointed by Pope Urban VIII,begins the inquisition of physicist and astronomer Galileo Galilei. Galileo was ordered to turn himself in to the Holy Office to begin trial for holding the belief that the Earth revolves around the Sun, which was deemed heretical by the Catholic .
Jul 23, · Watch video · Considered the father of modern science, Galileo Galilei () made major contributions to the fields of physics, astronomy, cosmology, mathematics and philosophy. 7 days ago · Galileo Galilei at the Inquisition. Credit: Getty Images.
Advertisement. It had been hiding in plain sight. The original letter — long thought lost — in which Galileo Galilei first set down. 6 days ago · Historians know that Castelli then returned Galileo’s letter to him, and that on 16 February Galileo wrote to his friend Piero Dini, a cleric in Rome, suggesting that the version Lorini had sent to the Inquisition might have been doctored.