Because Spain controlled access to the Mediterranean, the country was politically and strategically important to French interests. Even in his own court he was seen as a "half-wit king who renounces cares of state for the satisfaction of hunting",  and a cuckold unable to control his energetic wife, Maria Luisa of Parma.
Goya had explored themes of irrationality, folly, and corruption in earlier works including the satiric Los Caprichos, but images he created during and after the war with France were much darker, both emotionally and visually, than anything he had done previously.
In the gruesome Disasters of War series begun in thebut published decades later, Goya created images that were unambiguously anti-war. Rather than taking sides in these prints, Goya focused on how war brings out the basest human instincts. In two monumental paintings fromGoya presented a more politically charged perspective.
Created for a public audience, the two paintings—The Second of May, and The Third of May, —commemorate events from the beginning of the war. The first image represents a bloody encounter that took place between the French army and the people of Madrid who rose up against them.
The second depicts the execution of the rebels by the French on the following day. With The Third of May,Goya has made an image of actual historical events, but enhanced them for maximum dramatic effect.
The recognizable architecture of the city in the background lends immediacy to the scene. The main figure, dressed in white, practically glows.
Holding out his arms in an unmistakable reference to the crucified Christ, he appears as a heroic martyr.
While the faceless French soldiers on the opposite side are rendered almost inhuman, the ill-fated Spanish rebels elicit both sympathy for their suffering and respect for their sacrifice.Ohio had scheduled 27 executions to take place between July and September The first execution took place July 26, On September 1, , the Governor revised the dates in 19 of the 26 scheduled executions, .
On May 4, , Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat reached agreement in Cairo on the first stage of Palestinian regardbouddhiste.com agreement was made in accordance with. The Third of May, » Francisco de Goya y Lucientes (Spanish, –) The invasion of Spain by Napoleon’s army and the succeeding French occupation, which lasted until , had a profound impact on Francisco Goya.
Along with its companion, The 2nd of May in Madrid: the charge of the Mamelukes, this work was made at the initiative of the Reagent, Luis de Boubon in Both works may have been used to decorate a triumphal arch during the return of Fernando VII to Madrid, or to commemorate the celebrations of the second of May.
Goya ‘The Executions of the Third of May, ’, This piece was commissioned by the interim government in , after Napoleonic forces had withdrawn from Spain. It is the second in a pair of paintings depicting an act of resistance and its consequences.
Detail, Francisco Goya, The Third of May, , , oil on canvas (Museo del Prado, Madrid) Transforming Christian iconography Goya’s painting has been lauded for its brilliant transformation of Christian iconography and its poignant portrayal of man’s inhumanity to man.