Morocco —58 With the marriage of the heirs apparent to their respective thrones Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile created a personal union that most scholars view as the foundation of the Spanish monarchy.
As English men and women, the American colonists were heirs to the thirteenth-century English document, the Magna Carta, which established the principles that no one is above the law not even the Kingand that no one can take away certain rights. It was only after a decade of repeated efforts on the part of the colonists to defend their rights that they resorted to armed conflict and, eventually, to the unthinkable—separation from the motherland.
With no power to regulate commerce or lay taxes, and with little ability to enforce any of its decisions, this group, representing the thirteen colonies, declared independence, conducted a war that defeated one of the greatest military powers of its day, and invented a new political entity that became a sovereign independent nation.
Its members pondered everything from the rightness of independence to the number of flints needed by the armies—sometimes with the enemy not far from their doorstep. Asserting their rights, they found themselves labeled as traitors.
The fifty-four men who composed the First Continental Congress represented different interests, religions, and regions; they held conflicting opinions as to how best restore their rights. Most did not know each other; some did not like each other.
With no history of successful cooperation, they struggled to overcome their differences and, without any way of knowing if the future held success or nooses for them all, they started down a long and perilous road toward independence. By the time the last of the fifty-six signers had affixed their names to the final, edited document months later, an invading force of British soldiers had landed at Staten Island, the British had taken New York City, and the American patriots had committed themselves to a long and bloody struggle for liberty and independence.
The Declaration announced to the world the separation of the thirteen colonies from Great Britain and the establishment of the United States of America. It explained the causes of this radical move with a long list of charges against the King.
In justifying the Revolution, it asserted a universal truth about human rights in words that have inspired downtrodden people through the ages and throughout the world to rise up against their oppressors.
Jefferson was not aiming at originality. The Declaration articulates the highest ideals of the Revolution, beliefs in liberty, equality, and the right to self-determination.
It was a widely held view, circulated in newspapers, pamphlets, sermons, and schoolbooks; but it was Thomas Jefferson, the year-old planter from Virginia, who put the immortal words to it.
On July 4,Congress completed its editing of the document that reduced the text by 25 percent "mutilations" is what Jefferson called it and formally adopted the Declaration; on July 19, Congress ordered that a formal copy of the Declaration be prepared for members to sign; and on August 2, the final parchment—the one presently displayed in the nearby case—was presented to Congress and the signing began.
This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.Abstract: We're living in yesterday's future, and it's nothing like the speculations of our authors and film/TV regardbouddhiste.com a working science fiction novelist, I take a professional interest in how we get predictions about the future wrong, and why, so that I can avoid repeating the same mistakes.
The Concept of American Dream in the Revolutionary Road Over the years, many heroes and heroines especially from the West fought so hard in order to give people unlimited opportunities, freedom, material prosperity and individual happiness.
Christopher Columbus (/ k ə ˈ l ʌ m b ə s /; before 31 October – 20 May ) was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonist who completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain.
He led the first European expeditions to the Caribbean, Central America, and South America, initiating the permanent European colonization of the Americas. Published: Mon, 5 Dec The American Revolution was one of the most important events in the history of the United States of America.
It was revolutionary. The people broke free from Britain and gained independence. This collection of hand-drawn and engraved maps from the 18th and 19th centuries showcase the geographic, political and economic changes before, during and immediately after the American Revolution. From Pre-Columbian to the New Millennium.
The word history comes from the Greek word historía which means "to learn or know by inquiry." In the pieces that follow, we encourage you to probe, dispute, dig deeper — inquire. History is not static.