Saul McLeodpublished Little Hans was a 5-year-old boy with a phobia of horses. Like all clinical case studiesthe primary aim was to treat the phobia. However, Freud's therapeutic input in this case was minimal, and a secondary aim was to explore what factors might have led to the phobia in the first place, and what factors led to its remission.
Saul McLeodpublished Little Hans was a 5-year-old boy with a phobia of horses.
Like all clinical case studiesthe primary aim was to treat the phobia. Freud suggested possible lines of questioning which the father could try with Hans, and the father tried them and reported to Freud what had taken place.
Throughout this time, the main theme of his fantasies and dreams was widdlers and widdling. When he was about three and a half years old his mother told him not to touch his widdler or else she would call the doctor to come and cut it off.
He described the main problem as follows: The father went on to provide Freud with extensive details of conversations with Hans.
Together, Freud and the father tried to understand what the boy was experiencing and undertook to resolve his phobia of horses. Freud wrote a summary of his treatment of Little Hans, inin a paper entitled "Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-year-old Boy. When he was first asked about his fear Hans said that he was frightened that the horses would fall down and make a noise with their feet.
He was most frightened of horses which were drawing heavily laden carts, and, in fact, had seen a horse collapse and die in the street one time when he was out with his nurse.
It was pulling a horse-drawn bus carrying many passengers and when the horse collapsed Hans had been frightened by the sound of its hooves clattering against the cobbles of the road. He also suffered attacks of more generalized anxiety.
When Hans was taken to see Freud, he was asked about the horses he had a phobia of. Freud believed that the horse was a symbol for his father, and the black bits were a moustache. Hans said that he was especially afraid of white horses with black around the mouth who were wearing blinkers.
After many letters were exchanged, Freud concluded that the boy was afraid that his father would castrate him for desiring his mother.
Freud interpreted that the horses in the phobia were symbolic of the father, and that Hans feared that the horse father would bite castrate him as punishment for the incestuous desires towards his mother. In the first, Hans had several imaginary children. In the second fantasy, which occurred the next day, Hans imagined that a plumber had come and first removed his bottom and widdler and then gave him another one of each, but larger.
Horses, particularly horses with black harnesses, symbolized his father. Horses were particularly suitable father-symbols because of their large penises.
Then it stopped calling out:Time Magazine once listed Sigmund Freud as one of the most important people of the 20th century. Learn more about his remarkable life and career.
What Were Sigmund Freud's Theories of Psychology? Article. Timeline of Sigmund Freud's Life and Career. Article. Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis Study Guide. Article. Sigmund Freud ( to ) was the founding father of psychoanalysis, a method for treating mental illness and also a theory which explains human behavior.
Why is Sigmund Freud Considered the Father of Modern Psychology? A few people might suggest that Freud is the father of psychology, since he is perhaps one of its most "known" figures. Others might suggest that Aristotle is the true father of psychology, since he is responsible for the theoretical and philosophical framework that contributed to.
Sigmund Freud was a late 19th and early 20th century neurologist. He is widely acknowledged as the father of modern psychology and the primary developer of the process of psychoanalysis. Early Life. Sigmund Freud’s theories in modern psychology.
Print Reference Hopefully, both of these questions will assist in explaining how the works of Sigmund Freud is both relevant and irrelevant in present times.
competing with their fathers for the affection of his mother and the subsequent unconscious fear of castration by the father. Depends on what you regard as modern. Sigmund Freud comes to mind as the father of psychotherapy and since he was first a neuroscientist, this strand of psychology gained credibility and widespread adoption internationally.
Martin Seligman is ofte.